Who benefits from the implementation of the SPS agreement? Is the agreement in the interest of developing countries? The SPS agreement encourages governments to define national measures in accordance with international standards, guidelines and recommendations. This process is often referred to as « harmonization. » The WTO itself does not develop or develop such standards. However, most WTO member governments (132 at the time of development) are involved in the development of these standards in other international for a. The standards are developed by leading health scientists and government health experts and are subject to international review and verification. NOTE: A pest-free or disease-free area may be surrounded, surrounded or adjacent, either within a country or in a geographic area comprising parts or several countries where a specific pest or disease is known to be present, but where regional control measures, such as protection, surveillance and buffer zones that limit or exterminate the pest. (b) to disclose to members confidential information that would obstruct the application of health or plant health legislation or that would harm the legitimate business interests of certain companies. 5. In the absence of an international standard, directive or recommendation, or if the content of a proposed regulation is not fundamentally identical to the content of a standard, an international directive or recommendation and that the regulation can have a significant impact on the exchanges of other members, members: 4. Nothing in this agreement affects the rights of the members of the agreement on technical barriers to trade with respect to measures that do not come within the scope of application this agreement. Members of the least developed countries may delay the implementation of the provisions of this agreement by five years from the date the WTO agreement enters into force with respect to their sanitary or plant health measures for imports or imported products. Other members of developing countries may delay the implementation of the provisions of this agreement, with the exception of Article 5, paragraph 8, and Article 7, two years after the entry into force of the WTO agreement with respect to their existing health or plant health measures that have been imported or imported, if such a request is prevented by a lack of technical expertise. , technical infrastructure or resources.
(c) information requirements are limited to what is required for appropriate control, inspection and authorisation procedures, including authorizing the use of additives or setting tolerances for contaminants in food, beverages or feed; Given the diversity of climatic conditions, pests or existing diseases or food safety conditions, it is not always appropriate to impose the same requirements on food, animal or plant products in different countries in terms of plant hygiene and protection. As a result, sanitary and plant health measures sometimes vary depending on the country of origin of the food, animal or plant product concerned. This is taken into account in the SPS agreement. Governments should also recognize disease-free areas that may not conform to political boundaries and adapt their needs to the products of those regions.